Document Translated From The French by Google Translate
Source of text: Dinosoria
This site is a real mystery, say archaeologists who have sworn, before the discovery of Mohenjo-Daro, no true civilization could not exist in the Indus Valley in Pakistan, there are about 4500 years.
Since 1921, a series of discoveries that the city of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro that proved the existence of a previously unknown culture.
The civilization of the Indus Valley invented undeciphered writing this day and clearly marked to Indian culture.
But the biggest mystery remains the abandonment of these cities and the disappearance of this civilization.
Researchers initially thought that this civilization was composed of colonies from Mesopotamia. But excavations have revealed that these people had its own characteristics. For now, without new evidence, officially the ancient Indian civilization was born on the banks of the Indus as Egypt grew on the banks of the Nile.
Since the discovery of Mohenjo-Daro, other ancient cities of the Indus were found as Dholavira or Ganweriwala.
Apparently, these people were a people of merchants. Every reason to believe they had no military superiority. All certify the peaceful nature of the people who had a cultural superiority.
The most amazing character of Harappan cities is the complexity of their planning. These cities are spread over a radius of 100 to 200 ha minimum. Mohenjo-Daro is very well designed. It can be compared to major U.S. cities. Moreover, archaeologists have called this city “the Manhattan of the Bronze Age.”
Indeed, one can see a dozen drawn with a line through the city from north to south, cut arteries from east to west by narrower streets which marked the blocks.
Abandoned Cities | From 1600 years before our era, cities were abandoned. Many theories have been put forward to explain this decline.
First it was thought that the Indus civilization was overthrown by an Indo-European invasion. But no evidence has emerged to substantiate this theory.
The water may be the cause of this abandonment. Indeed, archaeological research has revealed that the Indus civilization constantly had to fight against the floods. Some areas of Mohenjodaro have been rebuilt eight times. But there is no trace of a natural disaster that would have affected all cities.
Along with this problem, skeletons bear traces of injury to the knife. There have therefore been a conflict. Excavations on the time showed destruction, fire and skeletons unburied. There is a parallel backward in the art, for example ceramic. However, skeletons are very few and they found no fragments of weapons.
More recently, a fairly revolutionary theory was formulated. Scientists Davneport and Vincenti stated that the city of Mohenjo-Daro had been ravaged after a nuclear explosion.
They found large strata of clay and green glass. Archaeologists assume a very high temperature melted clay and sand which hardened immediately afterwards. Similar layers of green glass were found in the Nevada desert after every nuclear explosion.
Modern analysis has confirmed that fragments of the city had melted in contact with a very high temperature. Dozens of skeletons were found in the region of Mohenjodaro have a radioactivity exceeding the norm almost 50 times.
These scientific analyzes lead us to the great Indian epic, the Mahabharata. It contains references to a prodigious weapon with devastating effects. One passage speaks of a “shell”, which sparkled like fire, but without producing smoke.
“When the shell hit the ground, the sky became dark, tornadoes and storms have ravaged cities. A horrible blast burnt thousands of people and animals, reducing them to ashes. “
Of course, it’s hard to imagine that such a long time nuclear weapons have been used. Text is disturbing when placed in parallel with the latest discoveries. Could it be a natural phenomenon that would cause a cataclysm? The epicenter of the shock was detected at the center of the city. At this point, all the houses were leveled. At the periphery, the destruction is less important. (Going further: Natural nuclear reactors )
The enigma of Mohenjodaro remains unanswered for the moment. However, if one assumes that a catastrophe has befallen this city, this does not explain the abandonment of other cities. Mohenjodaro and Harappa are the most famous cities, but there were also at least three other major cities. There were others but smaller.